  CBSE Class 10 Arithmetic Progression MCQ New Pattern

## CBSE Class 10 Arithmetic Progression MCQ New Pattern By Clarify Knowledge

CBSE Class 10 Arithmetic Progression MCQ New Pattern 2022

## CBSE Class 10 Arithmetic Progression MCQ Table

1. In an Arithmetic Progression, if a = 28, d = -4, n = 7, then an is:

(a) 4

(b) 5

(c) 3

(d) 7

Explanation: For an AP,

an = a+(n-1)d

= 28+(7-1)(-4)

= 28+6(-4)

= 28-24

an=4

2. If a = 10 and d = 10, then first four terms will be:

(a) 10, 30, 50, 60

(b) 10, 20, 30, 40

(c) 10, 15, 20, 25

(d) 10, 18, 20, 30

Answer: (b) 10, 20, 30, 40

Explanation: a = 10, d = 10

a1 = a = 10

a2 = a1+d = 10+10 = 20

a3 = a2+d = 20+10 = 30

a4 = a3+d = 30+10 = 40

3. The first term and common difference for the A.P. 3, 1, -1, -3 is:

(a) 1 and 3

(b) -1 and 3

(c) 3 and -2

(d) 2 and 3

Explanation: First term, a = 3

Common difference, d = Second term – First term

⇒ 1 – 3 = -2

⇒ d = -2

4. 30th term of the A.P: 10, 7, 4, …, is

(a) 97

(b) 77

(c) -77

(d) -87

Explanation: Given,

A.P. = 10, 7, 4, …

First term, a = 10

Common difference, d = a2 − a1 = 7−10 = −3

As we know, for an A.P.,

an = a +(n−1)d

Putting the values;

a30 = 10+(30−1)(−3)

a30 = 10+(29)(−3)

a30 = 10−87 = −77

5. 11th term of the A.P. -3, -1/2, 2 …. Is

(a) 28

(b) 22

(c) -38

(d) -48

Explanation: A.P. = -3, -1/2, 2 …

First term a = – 3

Common difference, d = a2 − a1 = (-1/2) -(-3)

⇒(-1/2) + 3 = 5/2

Nth term;

an = a+(n−1)d

a11 = 3+(11-1)(5/2)

a11 = 3+(10)(5/2)

a11 = -3+25

a11 = 22

6. The missing terms in AP: __, 13, __, 3 are:

(a) 11 and 9

(b) 17 and 9

(c) 18 and 8

(d) 18 and 9

Explanation: a2 = 13 and

a4 = 3

The nth term of an AP;

an = a+(n−1) d

a2 = a +(2-1)d

13 = a+d ………………. (i)

a4 = a+(4-1)d

3 = a+3d ………….. (ii)

Subtracting equation (i) from (ii), we get,

– 10 = 2d

d = – 5

Now put value of d in equation 1

13 = a+(-5)

a = 18 (first term)

a= 18+(3-1)(-5)

= 18+2(-5) = 18-10 = 8 (third term).

7. Which term of the A.P. 3, 8, 13, 18, … is 78?

(a) 12th

(b) 13th

(c) 15th

(d) 16th

Explanation: Given, 3, 8, 13, 18, … is the AP.

First term, a = 3

Common difference, d = a2 − a1 = 8 − 3 = 5

Let the nth term of given A.P. be 78. Now as we know,

an = a+(n−1)d

Therefore,

78 = 3+(n −1)5

75 = (n−1)5

(n−1) = 15

n = 16

8. The 21st term of AP whose first two terms are -3 and 4 is:

(a) 17

(b) 137

(c) 143

(d) -143

Explanation: First term = -3 and second term = 4

a = -3

d = 4-a = 4-(-3) = 7

a21=a+(21-1)d

=-3+(20)7

=-3+140

=137

9. If 17th term of an A.P. exceeds its 10th term by 7. The common difference is:

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

Explanation: Nth term in AP is:

a= a+(n-1)d

a17 = a+(17−1)d

a17 = a +16d

In the same way,

a10 = a+9d

Given,

a17 − a10 = 7

Therefore,

(a +16d)−(a+9d) = 7

7d = 7

d = 1

Therefore, the common difference is 1.

10. The number of multiples of 4 between 10 and 250 is:

(a) 50

(b) 40

(c) 60

(d) 30

Explanation: The multiples of 4 after 10 are:

12, 16, 20, 24, …

So here, a = 12 and d = 4

Now, 250/4 gives remainder 2. Hence, 250 – 2 = 248 is divisible by 2.

12, 16, 20, 24, …, 248

So, nth term, an = 248

As we know,

an = a+(n−1)d

248 = 12+(n-1)×4

236/4 = n-1

59 = n-1

n = 60

11. 20th term from the last term of the A.P. 3, 8, 13, …, 253 is:

(a) 147

(b) 151

(c) 154

(d) 158

Explanation: Given, A.P. is 3, 8, 13, …, 253

Common difference, d= 5.

In reverse order,

253, 248, 243, …, 13, 8, 5

So,

a = 253

d = 248 − 253 = −5

n = 20

By nth term formula,

a20 = a+(20−1)d

a20 = 253+(19)(−5)

a20 = 253−95

a20 = 158

12. The sum of the first five multiples of 3 is:

(a) 45

(b) 55

(c) 65

(d) 75

Explanation: The first five multiples of 3 is 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15

a=3 and d=3

n=5

Sum, Sn = n/2[2a+(n-1)d]

S5 = 5/2[2(3)+(5-1)3]

=5/2[6+12]

=5/2

=5 x 9

= 45

13. The 10th term of the AP: 5, 8, 11, 14, … is

(a) 32

(b) 35

(c) 38

(d) 185

Explanation:

Given AP: 5, 8, 11, 14,….

First term = a = 5

Common difference = d = 8 – 5 = 3

nth term of an AP = an = a + (n – 1)d

Now, 10th term = a10 = a + (10 – 1)d

= 5 + 9(3)

= 5 + 27

= 32

14. In an AP, if d = -4, n = 7, an = 4, then a is

(a) 6

(b) 7

(c) 20

(d) 28

Solution;

Given,

d = -4, n = 7, an = 4

We know that,

an = a + (n – 1)d

4 = a + (7 – 1)(-4)

4 = a + 6(-4)

4 = a – 24

⇒ a = 4 + 24 = 28

15. The list of numbers –10, –6, –2, 2,… is

(a) an AP with d = –16

(b) an AP with d = 4

(c) an AP with d = –4

(d) not an AP

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